As we return to our study of James, the brother of Jesus, I would like to just briefly touch on something from the world of archaeology. There was an ossuary that came to light a few years ago called the James ossuary. The James Ossuary is a 1st century chalk box that was used for the bones of the dead. Ossuaries were only used for a few decades around the time of Jesus. On this ossuary there is an Aramaic inscription cut into one side of the box. It reads Ya'akov bar-Yosef akhui diYeshua which in English translation is "James, son of Joseph, brother of Jesus."
When it came to light, there was an immediate effort to discredit it including a seven year trial in Israel charging its owner with forging part of it. He was found not guilty and many experts believe it to be genuine. It was found in the Kidron Valley at Silwan a few hundred yards from Dominus Flevit where other ossuaries of first century Jews and Christians were found.
The relationship of James to his brother Jesus would be