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  • 5 years ago
Papal Reformation and the Great Schism: III

Papal Reformation and the Great Schism: III

In this conclusion to his account of the Great Schism, Fr. John reviews the leading controversies that aggravated relations between Rome and Constantinople during Pope Leo IX's military confinement, and how they resulted in the latter's posthumous act of excommunicating Patriarch Michael Cerularius in 1054.

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