Throughout much of John's letter, he frequently seeks to assure the members of the church that they are in Christ and that they can have assurance of their salvation. John knows these churches and he knows that they are in Christ. John provides three 'tests' to confirm that one is saved. These 'tests' are not the means of one's salvation but rather they are the signs that one is truly saved and on the path to glory. These 'tests' are theological, moral and social. In verses 3-14 John introduces the moral and social signs that indicate someone has come to genuine faith and therefore, may have assurance of their salvation.