Charlotte Smith is at the Wallingford Monitoring Station in Oxfordshire, run by the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. It's been collecting weather data daily for more than fifty years - wind speed, rainfall, sunshine hours, temperature of the air and soil. The information is used to assess long term weather trends, and to inform farmers and others.
The centre is also part of a new project using cosmic rays to measure soil moisture over large areas of land. Data is collected from a growing network of stations installed across the UK, and can then be used to predict water availability, and the likelihood of flooding.
Caz Graham catches up with a farmer who's land was flooded during Storm Desmond a year ago. And Nancy Nicolson meets a hardy shepherd in the mountains of Scotland where the weather affects everything they do.
Produced by Sally Challoner.