St. Croix’s Carnival became an annual event in 1952 with the revival of old holiday traditions transformed into modern Festival. Dating back at least to the early-1800s enslaved Africans on St. Croix were allowed to celebrate Christmas & New Year’s Days. The celebrations on plantations included drumming, singing, & dancing.This month-long celebration incorporates modern-day celebrations with long-standing traditions for over 60 years.
It involved parading through the streets of town singing, dancing, & playing drums; often stopping door to door for rum & wine. Masquerading was popular during Christmas & other holidays including Easter & Whit Monday. These traditions continued into the early 1900s but saw some decline.
Social events kept music traditions & dances like the quadrille, lancers & bomboula alive. The Carnival festival collected traditions into one big event with a focus on the former holiday celebrations. The event has become more organized each year, incorporating add